公共英语 选课中心 APP下载
当前位置:首页 > 公共英语 > 公共英语备考资料 > 2019年公共英语二级阅读理解专项试题(五)

:2019年公共英语二级阅读理解专项试题(五)

本文地址:http://www.sbw7788.com/web_news/html/2019-9/15676517146144.html
文章摘要:,地方随后脸色凝重直直 但是首先要做影子都看不到金甲战神""。

考试动态短信提醒

公共英语报名、考试、查分时间、免费短信提醒

地区

立即预约

请输入下面的图形验证码

提交验证

发布时间:2019年09月07日 06:47:00 来源:环球网校 点击量:

【摘要】小编给大家带来2019年公共英语二级阅读理解专项试题(五),希望对大家有所帮助。加入环球网校有专业的老师为您解答问题,还可以和考友一起交流!

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

The British National Health Service (NHS) was set up in 1948 and was designed to provide equal basic health care, free of charge, for everybody in the country. Before this time health care had to be paid for by individuals.

Nowadays central government is directly responsible for the NHS although it is administered by local health authorities. About 83 percent of the cost of the health service is paid for by general taxation and the rest is met from the National Insurance contributions paid by those in work. There are charges for prescription and dental care but many people, such as children, pregnant women, pensioners, and those on Income Support, are exempt from payment.

Most people are registered with a local doctor (a GP, or General Practitioner) who is increasingly likely to be part of a health centre which serves the community.

As the population of Britain gets older, the hospital service now treats more patients than before, although patients spend less time in hospital. NHS hospitals—many of which were built in the nineteenth century — provide nearly half a million beds and have over 480, 000 medical staff. The NHS is the biggest employer in Europe although Britain actually spends less per person on health care than most of her European neighbours.

During the 1980s there was considerable restructuring of the Health Service with an increased emphasis on managerial efficiency and the privatization of some services (for example, cleaning). At the end of the 1980s the government introduced proposals for further reform of the NHS, including allowing some hospitals to be self-governing, and encouraging GPs to compete for patients. Patients would be able to choose and change their family doctor more easily and GPs would have more financial responsibility. The political questions continue of how much money should be provided to support the NHS and where it should come from.

41. We can know from the first paragraph that ______________.

A. the original aim of the NHS was to provide equal basic health care for everybody

B. people didn’t have to pay for health care since the NHS was set up

C. patients were charged for receiving health care before 1948

D. the NHS was an organization which gave free advice to villagers

42. What do we know about the NHS?

A. It’s managed by the central government.

B. Its cost is mainly paid for by the National Insurance contributions.

C. It hires more people than any other unit in Europe.

D. Fewer patients go to its hospitals than before because they spend less on health care.

43. All the following statements about GPs are true except that they ____________.

A. take care of the local people’s health

B. often take part in competitions to see who is the best

C. work under high pressure nowadays

D. have more responsibilities than before

44. What does the underlined word “exempt” probably mean?

A. suffering B. different   C. prevented D. free

45. The biggest problem for the NHS is ______________.

A. many hospitals are too old to be used

B. some services are in the charge of individuals

C. more and more patients go to GPs for treatment

D. there is not enough money for further reform

【答案与解析】 41—45 CCBDD

国家保健中心由中央政府直接负责,但由地方当局管理。建立国家保健中心的最初目的

是为农村居民提供免费的基本健康护理,尤其儿童、孕妇等可享受免费治疗。

41. C。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段最后一句可知,建立国家保健中心的最初目的是为农村居民提供免费的基本健康护理,而不是针对所有的人,所以前两项错误。

42. C。细节理解题。根据第4自然段“The NHS is the biggest employer in Europe…”可知。从第二自然段第一句可以看出国家保健中心由中央政府直接负责,但由地方当局管理,所以A项错误。

43. B。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段话“and encouraging GPs to compete for patients”可知政府鼓励全科医生之间相互竞争,而不是让他们进行竞赛,看谁的医术高明。

44. D。猜测词义题。前面提到医生开药方及给病人治疗牙病需要收费,再结合but一词可推断儿童、孕妇等可享受免费治疗。

45. D。细节理解题。根据最后一自然段最后一句可知。

考生如果怕自己错过考试报名时间和考试时间的话,可以 免费预约短信提醒,届时会以短信的方式提醒大家报名和考试时间。

环球网校友情提示:以上内容是公共英语频道为您整理的2019年公共英语二级阅读理解专项试题(五),点击下面按钮免费下载更多精品备考资料。

分享到: 编辑:纪文凯

环球网校移动课堂APP 直播、听课。职达未来!

安卓版

下载

iPhone版

下载
环球小过-环球网校官方微信服务平台

刷题看课 APP下载

免费直播 一键购课

代报名等人工服务

返回顶部
大无限彩票是真的吗 金三角娱乐MG电子 澳门葡京酒店到深圳网上娱乐场 北京快乐8计划软件 永利皇宫娱乐场
海天娱乐官方网登录 威尼斯人游戏直营网登入